HTML, HyperText Markup Language, the heart of all webpages.  It is used to define the content of a webpage and is used to generate the DOM, Document Object Model, in browsers.  The DOM is a computer representation of the Document which in this case is the webpage.

HTML was first proposed in 1989 and implemented in 1990, was based on SGML, Standard Generalized Markup Language.  SGML itself was based on GML, Generalized Markup Language, first developed in the 1960s.  There have been multiple versions of HTML; HTML, HTML 2.0, HTML 3.0, HTML 4.0, XHTML 1 and HTML 5 with minor versions such as HTML 3.2 and HTML 4.01.  The HTML Standard is maintained by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C).

HTML Resources

  • Composing Good HTML 3.0
  • Gecho
    Gecko is the name of the layout engine developed by the Mozilla Project. It was originally named NGLayout. Gecko's function is to read web content, such as HTML, CSS, XUL, JavaScript, and render it on the user's screen or print it. In XUL-based applications Gecko is used to render the application's user interface as well.
  • HTML Beginners Guide - 2018
    In this guide, we will explore the basic principles of HTML and its potential applications, before looking at examples of the individual elements that you use when coding your website.
  • HTML Goodies: The Ultimate HTML Resources
    Covers HTML5 and JavaScript.
  • HTML Help by the Web Design Group
    Chock full of references, tools and help.
  • HTML META, REL and REV Tags
    Information about Meta tags with links to the RFC documents about them.
  • HTML5 Tutorial
    Brought to you by w3schools
  • HTML5test
    How well does your browser support HTML5?
  • Internet Clocks, Counters and Countdowns
    Links to clocks that you can use use on your wepage.
  • Learn About Domains & HTML
    This page provides links on information about Domains and HTML
  • The HTML Writers Guild
    HWG is an organization the provides Web Design Training and Certification.
  • The WebKit Open Source Project
    WebKit is an open source web browser engine. WebKit is also the name of the OS X system framework version of the engine that's used by Safari, Dashboard, Mail, and many other OS X applications. WebKit's HTML and JavaScript code began as a branch of the KHTML and KJS libraries from KDE.
  • W3C HTML
    HTML, The Web's Core Language.
  • W3C HTML4
    HTML 4.01 Specification, 24-December-1999
  • W3C HTML5
    HTML5 - A vocabulary and associated APIs for HTML and XHTML, 28-October-2014.
  • W3C XHTML 1.0
    XHTML ™ 1.0 - The Extensible HyperText Markup Language (Second Edition) Revised 1-August-2002.
  • Web Browser Standards Support
    This document will summarize the level of support for web standards and maturing technologies in popular web browsers. It covers the Internet Explorer, Firefox, and Opera web browsers, with focus on the HTML, CSS, DOM, and ECMAScript technologies.
  • Web Site Work Station
    Turorials for HTML, CSS and Website Design.
  • Webpages That Suck
    Learn good web design by looking at bad web design.  Definitely one of my favorite websites.  It teaches good techniques by using actual bad websites.  Not only does it point out the flaws, it explains why they are wrong and what to do to do it right.


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